Guide: A Basic Overview Of Serum Protein Manual Agarose Electrophoresis
June 25th, 2019
Study: Detection Of Benzodiazepines In Oral Fluid By Homogeneous Enzyme Immunoassay
June 20th, 2019
MEDICA 2019 - World Forum for Medicine
Düsseldorf, GermanyBooth No.: 3/D35-2
AACC Annual Scientific Meeting and Clinical Lab Expo
Anaheim Convention Center ~ Anaheim, CABooth No.: 2627
Thanks to Block Scientific, I was able to procure the re-certified Bayer DCA 2000+ without hassles and get the lab back in operation. The
device works perfectly and I look forward to doing more business with Block Scientific.
--- Mathew Anderson, New Jersey
The DRG Proinsulin ELISA is an enzyme immunoassay for the quantitative in vitro diagnostic measurement of Proinsulin (intact) in serum and plasma.
The measurement of Proinsulin in serum can provide valuable information for the diagnosis of insulinomas. Proinsulin levels have also been shown to be elevated in non-insulin dependent diabetics (NIDDM), newly diagnosed insulin dependent diabetics (IDDM) and other clinical situations. Proinsulin is a 9390 MW polypeptide of 86 amino acids, that is synthesized in the ß cells of the pancreas and is the precursor molecule for insulin (1, 2, 3). Most proinsulin is converted to insulin and C-Peptide, which are secreted in equimolar amounts into the blood. About 15 % is not converted and is released as proinsulin. The biological activity of
proinsulin is only about 10% of Insulin, but the half life of proinsulin is three times as long as insulin.
The level of proinsulin in serum can be a reflection of ß cell status. Both IDDM and NIDDM are characterized by dysfunction of the pancreatic ß cells. Elevated proinsulin levels have been noted at the onset of IDDM and in healthy siblings of IDDM patients. Proinsulin levels may also be increased in patients with established NIDDM.
Increased levels of circulating proinsulin are found in older patients, pregnant or obese diabetics, patients with insulinomas, functional hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, a rare syndrome. Because the structure of proinsulin is similar to insulin, proinsulin may be detected as immunoreactive insulin in the insulin assay. Immunoreactive insulin levels are generally determined in conventional RIA's, which overestimate the insulin level because the methods use antibodies which crossreact with proinsulin. By calculating the molar ration of proinsulin to true insulin (P/I), a better assessment of ß cell function can be made.